PC Gear Lab

How Many CPU Threads Do I Have? – 3 Methods

If you are buying a new computer or are curious about the one you have, you may be wondering, how many CPU threads do I have.

Well, it depends on your CPU as they are all different and the one you have will not necessarily match any other. But there are several ways to find an answer. You can check your computer’s information or visit the CPU manufacturer’s website.

The CPU manages the running of tasks on your computer. Being the brain, it has to keep tabs on all the programs you are running and do so in a way that facilitates multitasking.

Older computers had just one processing core and just one processing line hence couldn’t multitask. However, newer computers have several cores and each core can have one or two processing lines that facilitate the parallelization of programs.

How to Check How Many CPU Threads Do I Have?

The numbers vary depending on the CPU model and the generation. Regardless, there are ways to find this number.

1. Manufacturer Information

Core i7-10700
16 threads in Core i7-10700. Source: Intel

This is the best way to get accurate information about your CPU or one you intend to buy. Chip manufacturers tend to have a listing of their CPU models as well as their specifications.

A quick web search can land you on the manufacture’s website where you can search for the exact CPU model and get its information.

At the same time, you can get this information from a brochure that’s provided at a store selling these CPUs and even on third-party websites.

However, the manufacturer will always have the final say and some good and accurate data.

2. From the Computer

Say the CPU has already been installed in a motherboard and the computer is already operational. You can still get accurate information about the CPU from the system itself.

Using the Task Manager

How Many CPU Threads Do I Have
Threads are also called logical processors

On Windows OS there’s a handy little program known as the Task Manager. It provides a useful portal into the computer’s resources and running processes and more importantly, provides information about them.

There are several ways to access the Task Manager. You can use the Ctrl + Shift + Escape key combination to find the utility.

You can also right-click on the taskbar and click on Task Manager to get to the program. The other way is to use the Ctrl + Alt + Delete key combination and select Task Manager from the security menu that appears.

In the window that opens, you can press “More details” on the bottom left area if you get a small window with very little information.

Getting the Information

In the task Manager, switch over to the performance tab and you will see various computer resources like Memory, Disk, and CPU. Click the CPU tab and just before the graph on the right you will see some information.

Among the displayed metrics are your core count and logical processors count. Logical processors refer to the threads, and there you have it! You know how many threads you have.

3. Using the System Information Tool

msconfig
msinfo32.exe window showing the amount of logical processor next to the processor information

You can use this utility to get more information about your computer. Just as with the Task Manager, there are several ways to access it. The simplest is to right-click on the start button and find the option that says “Run”.

Clicking this will present you with a tiny window on which you’ll type the following “msinfo32.exe”, minus the quotation marks. This command presents you with the utility that shows your system information.

On the Left tab, make sure you’re on System Summary, and in the tab on the right, find Processor in the Item column.

The data on the values column will give you information about your processor including its name and clock speed. You will also get the core count of the CPU and next to that, the number of Logical Processors.

Also Read: Best Motherboards for Audio Production

What is a CPU Thread?

It certainly isn’t the fabric that holds a CPU together. CPU threads are simply processors. To put this more into perspective, you have your processor on the motherboard.

That chip can have several cores, each acting as an individual processor, giving the illusion of having several processors on the computer.

These cores are physical ICs on the chip. Threads, on the other hand, are just like cores, only that they get created by the system. They are not physically imprinted on the chip.

To create these virtual cores, different OEMs use different methods. Intel uses hyperthreading while AMD relies on Simultaneous Multithreading.

Also Read: How is Processor Speed Measured?

What Threads Do

The CPU threads help to improve the performance of a computer by allowing you to run more tasks in parallel. For example, a dual-core can run two instructions in parallel in a given unit of time and a quad-core can theoretically double that for the same time frame.

Because they are individual processing units, a given OS can assign tasks to each of these and run them individually off the available cores.

This allows the CPU to do more even if there are requests that come in and block the pipeline. A single core with two threads can accomplish more if it runs instructions on one thread while another thread is waiting for an IO response to continue.

So, in essence, multithreading allows users to experience multitasking in a computer, and even more than that, it allows applications built to run on multiple cores to perform much better.

Conclusion

Having information about your CPU is vital if you intend to change anything. Besides that, you may also need to have some data when trying to make a purchasing decision.

To be on the safe side, a user who wants to know how many CPU threads do I have can do a web search and get data from the chip’s manufacturer.

However, if you don’t know the exact model number, you can get this information from within your system by using any of the necessary programs.

Whichever method a user prefers will depend on the density of information needed.

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